I have never heard of this woman. I am left wondering if she did commit the crime or was set up and what were the tortures she endured?
Apart from anything it illustrates the oppression, racism and horrors of slavery. It also illustrates the capricious nature and barbaric practices of the justice system. We have come a long way since the ritual torture and maiming of yore.
Marie-Josephe Angelique: Symbol of Black resistance in Canada
Marie-Joseph Angélique (born circa 1705 in Madeira, Portugal; died 21 June 1734 in Montréal, QC). Angélique was an enslaved Black woman owned by Thérèse de Couagne de Francheville in Montréal. In 1734, she was charged with arson after a fire leveled Montréal’s merchants’ quarter. It was alleged that Angélique committed the act while attempting to flee her bondage. She was convicted, tortured and hanged. While it remains unknown whether or not she set the fire, Angélique’s story has come to symbolize Black resistance and freedom.
Angélique was born in Madeira, Portugal, around 1705. Little is known of the first 20 years of her life. She may have been first enslaved in Portugal, an active port of the Atlantic slave trade. It was likely there that Angélique was sold to the Flemish merchant Nichus Block when she was in her early teens. Angélique…
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